sweet music index
A Bibliography of the Appalachian or Mountain Dulcimer
Laurel Krokstrom

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries
Apel, Willi. Harvard Dictionary of Music. Second edition, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1969. "Dulcimer," pp. 248-249.

Clarke, Kenneth and Mary. A Concise Dictionary of Folklore. Ky. Folklore Series No. 1, by Ky. Folklore Record, W. Ky. State College, Bowling Green, Ky., 1965.

Drager, Hans- Heinz. Die Musik in Geschicte und Gegenwart. Vol.5, 1956, cols. 1210-1211.

Hipkins, A. J. "Dulcimer." Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, fifth edition, ed. by Eric Blom, London; Macmillan & Co. Ltd., vol. 5, pp. 799-800, 1954.

Leach, Maria. Dictionary of Folklore Mythology and Legend, Funk & Wagnalls Co., N.Y., 1949. See, "Dulcimer."

Long, Lucy M.. "Appalachian dulcimer" The New Grove Dictionary of American Music Vol.1 p.60 New York, New York: Macmillan Press Limited, 1986.

Marcuse, Sibyl. Musical Instruments: A Comprehensive Dictionary. Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Co., 1964. See entries for "Appalachian Dulcimer," "Dulcimer," "Humle," "Hummel," "Langleik," "Scheitholt," etc.

Norlind, Tobias. Systematik der Saiteninstrumente: Geschichte der Zither. Stockholm: Musikhistorisches Museum, 1936. "Trapezzither," cols. 193-210; "Hummel," cols. 253-270.

Rimmer, Joan. "Appalachian dulcimer" The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Vol.1 p.506 London: Macmillan Publishers Limited, 1986.

Rimmer, Joan. "Hommel" The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Vol.8 p.676 London: Macmillan Publishers Limited, 1986.

Rimmer, Joan. "Epinette de Vosges" The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Vol.6 p.231 London: Macmillan Publishers Limited, 1986.

Sandved, Kjell Bloch, ed. The World of Music: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. New York: Abradale Press, 1963.

Stambler, Irwin and Grelun Landon. "Appalachian Dulcimer (Mountain Dulcimer)" Encyclopedia of Folk, Country and Western Music. New York: Saint Martin's Press, 1969.

Adler, Tom. "How to Make an Appalachian Dulcimer, or, What to Do With Your Spare Time and Money." Autoharp, number 30, October 20, 1967, pp. 8-10. Reprinted in Folknik, volume-4, number 5, September 1968, pp. 5-6.

Baldwin, Jim. "Playing the Mountain Dulcimer." Bittersweet, volume 1, number 2, Winter 1973, pp. 42-50.

Bell, Corydon. "The Fair at Gatlinburg." Ford Times, July, 1950.

Bell, Red. "Build a Dulcimer." Stray Notes, volume 1, number 6, November 1, 1965, p. 13.

Brewer, Mary T. "A Golden Memory." Mountain Life and Work, Vol. XL, no. 2, Berea, Ky., Summer, 1964.

Bryan, Charles Faulkner. "American Folk Instruments: The Appalachian Dulcimer." Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin, volume 18, number 1, March 1952, pp. 1-5.

Bryan, Charles Faulkner. "The Appalachian Mountain Dulcimer Enigma." Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin, volume 20, number 4, December 1954, pp. 86-90.

Burch, Gladys. "Young Lady With a Dulcimer." American Girl, Aug., 1951.

Burcham, Terry. W. "Fretting a Dulcimer." Huntsville Association of Folk Musicians Newsletter, number 67, March 31, 1974, pp. 1-3.

Burcham, Terry W. "Joe Gambill: Dulcimer to Opryland." Huntsville Association of Folk musicians Newsletter, number 47, June 20,1972, pp.2-7; number 47, July 20, 1972, pp.4-6.

Burcham, Terry W. "Mountain Dulcimer." Huntsville Association of Folk Musicians Newsletter, number 49, September 20, 1972, pp. 4-5.

Burckart, Arnold E. "Using the Appalachian Dulcimer." Keeping Up With Orff-Schulwerk in the Classroom, volume l, number 1, September 1973, pp. 12-14: number2, November 1973, pp. 32-33.

Burrison, John. "Biography of a Folk Singer." Folkways Monthly, Jan., 1963.

Cobb, Ann. "Dulcimer Over the Fireboard." Literary Digest, Vol. 62, Sep. 27, 1919, p.33.

Combs, Jack. "The Folk Singers of the Kentucky Highlands... A Trip to Hindman." Spectrum, volume 1, number 2, Spring 1963, pp. 31-38.

Combs, Josiah H. "The Highlander's Music." Kentucky Folklore Record, volume 6, number 4, October-December 1960,pp... 108-122. Reprinted in Josiah H. Combs, Folk Songs of the Southern United States, edited by D. K. Wilgus, Austin: University of Texas Press (Publications of the American Folklore Society, Bibliographical and Special Series, volume 19), 1967, pp. 85-95.

Creighton, Mildred Davidson. "Jethro Amburgey: Dulcimer Maker." Appalachian South, volume 1, number 1, Summer 1965, pp. 24-25.

Dailey, Tom. Mountain Trace. Vol. 1, no. 1, Spring 1975, pp. 59-69.

Davidson, Luckett. "Learning Dulcimer is Kid Stuff. . ." The Louisville Times, Mar. 3, 1966, p. A34

Derington, Sara. "The Dulcimer." Huntsville Association of Folk Musicians Newsletter, number 61, October. 2, 1973, pp. 2-6.

Diamond, Lucky. "The Sweet Sound of a Dulcimer." Mugwumps, volume 4, number 6, May- June 1976, pp. 10-12, 20.

Downs, Floyd, and Mrs. Discussion under "Folklore," in the Association for Childhood Education International Program, 1950 Study Conference, Ashville, N.C., p. 32. Reprinted from Souvenir Program, Craftsman's Fair of the Southern Highland, 1949.

Dutertre, Jean-Francois. "L'Epinette de Gerardmer." Gigue: Revue de Folk, number 6, 1974, pp. 8-12.

Dutertre, Jean-Francois and Claude Lefebvre. "Epinette des Vosages et Dulcimer des Appalaches." Gigue: Revue de Folk, number 1, September 1972, pp. 10-25.

Fetterman, John. "Tennessee Hill Country Dulcimer Builder." Tennessean Magazine, May 30, 1954.

Gilfillan, Merrill C. "Dulcimers." Wonderful World of Ohio, volume 30, number 1, January 1966, pp. 8-11. [Anne Grimes collection.]

Glenn, Leonard. "The Plucked Dulcimer of the Southern Appalachians." Folkways Monthly, volume 1, number 2, January 1962, pp. 63-72.

Griffin, Gerald. "Transition in the Mountains." The Courier-Journal Magazine, Louisville, Ky., May 25, 1952.

Guthrie, A. B. Jr. "Kentucky." Holiday magazine, Fifth Anniversary issue.

Haines, Aubrey B. "The John Jacob Niles Story." Mature Years (United Methodist Church magazine), March-May, 1972, Cokesbury Press, Nashville, Tenn.

Hamer, Philip L. "If You Like Mountain Music..." Science and Mechanics, volume 35, number 1, January 1964, pp. 100-103, 114-115.

Hamilton, Judith. "The Mountain Dulcimer." The Ozarks Mountaineer, vol. 19, no.2, Mar., 1971.

Hansen, Barbara. "Sweet Dulcimer Sounds Rent Air in Southland." Los Angeles Herald & Express, April 27, 1961, p. D-2.

Hart, Tim. "The Appalachian Dulcimer." Club Folk, volume 1, number 5, July-August 1968, p. 8.

Hart, Tim. "The Appalachian Mountain Dulcimer." Folk and Country, volume 1, number 1, November 1971, pp. 12-13.

Hastings, S. E., Jr. "Construction Techniques in an Old Appalachian Mountain Dulcimer." Journal of American Folklore, volume 83, number 330, October-November 1970, pp. 462-468.

Hen, F. J. de. "Folk Instruments of Belgium, Part One." GSJ, XXV p.112, 1972.

Hendrickson, George. "The Dulcimer." Folk Tradition, volume 1, number 3, May 1972, p.4.

Hobrough, Tim. "The Dulcimer." Come All Ye, volume 2, number 5, July 1972, pp. 6-15.

Hoskins; R. Springer. "Making Dulcimers is More Than a Hobby." (Story about A. L. Greynolds). The Harlan Daily Enterprise, Harlan, Ky. April 7, 196, p. 4.

Irish Independent, Nov. 8, 1952, Dublin, Eire, "Of Ballads, Songs and Snatches p.5, signed with initials, I.M.

Jamison, Gladys V. "They Came Singing." Mountain Life and Work, Vol. XXXIX, no. 2, Summer, 1963.

Jeffreys, A. W. "The Appalachian Dulcimer." Mugwumps, volume 1, number 2, March 1972, pp. 8-9.

Jong, J. L. de. "De Noordse Balk." Mens en Melodie, volume 12, number 6, June 1957, pp. 174-176.

Joyner, Charles W. "Dulcimer Making in North Carolina: Creativity in a Traditional Mountain Craft." Southern Folklore Quarterly, volume 39, number 4, December 1975, pp. 341-361.

Levin, Hank. "How to Make an Appalachian Dulcimer." In 1973 Festival of American Folklife, Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1973, pp. 47-49.

Martinez, Patti. "Playing the Dulcimer." Early American Life, volume 6, number 6, December 1975, pp. 80-81.

Mason, Phillip. "The Appalachian Mountain Plucked Dulcimer." Old Time Music Gazette, volume 1, number 3, September 1975, pp. 8-11.

McGill, Josephine. "The Kentucky Mountain Dulcimer." The Musician, volume 21, number 1, January 1917, p. 21.

Meigs, Teresa. "David Russell and the Dulcimore." Sparrow Hawk, volume 3, number 1, Fall 1977, pp. 6-25.

Mellon, Robert. "Mountain Maestro of Hudson Falls." Adirondack Life, volume 3, number 1, Winter 1972, pp. 49-50.

Mercer, Henry C. "The Zithers of the Pennsylvania Germans." A Collection of Papers Read Before the Bucks County Historical Society, volume 5, 1927, pp. 482-497.

Meyer, Carolyn. "Handmade in America: The Delightful Mountain Dulcimer." McCalls magazine, vol. 98, no. 8, May, 1971.

Miles, E.B. "Dulcimore." Harpers Magazine, Vol. 119, Nov. 1909. pp. 949-956.

Mize, Robert. "Dulcimers." Foxfire, volume 3, number 1, Spring 1969, pp. 5-8.

Murphy, Michael. "Musical Instruments of the American Folk: The Dulcimer." Promenade, volume 1, number7, October 1940, pp. 1-2.

Nicholson, R. A. "The Appalachian Dulcimer." B.M.G., volume 65, number 775, March 1968, p. 190; Performing Right, number 49, April 1968, p. 21; Spin, volume 5, number 6, 1968, pp. 29-30; Folknik, volume 4, number 5, September 1968, p. 4.

Niles, John Jacob. "Deft Hands Carve the Dulcimer." Courier-Journal Magazine, Jan. 20, 1952.

Norlind, Tobias. "A Norwegian Player on the Langleik." Journal of the English Folk Dance and Song Society, volume 2, 1935, pp. 34-35.

Norlind, Tobias. "A Norwegian Player on the Langleik." Journal of the English Folk Dance and Song Society, volume 2, 1935, pp. 34-35.

Odell, Scott. "The Appalachian Dulcimer." In 1968 Festival of American Folklife, Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1968, pp. 30-31.

Odell, Scott. "Folk Instruments." Arts in Virginia, volume 12, number 1, Fall 1971, pp. 31-37.

Pearson, Candace. "My Kind of Music." Daily Pilot, Riverside, Cal., April 3, 1972.

Pickow, George. "Dulcimer Maker." Scenic South Aug., 1955. , p. 16.

Proffitt, Frank. "Good Memories For Me." Sing Out! Vol. 15, no. 5, Nov., 1965 Promenade magazine, vol. 1, no. 7, Oct., 1940: "Musical Instruments of the American Folk."

Putnam, John F. "Plucked Dulcimers Hit a High Note." Sing Out! The Folksong Magazine 25, no. 2 (July-Aug. 1976): 35.

Putnam, John F. "Survey of Dulcimer Makers." Mugwumps, volume 5, number 1, July- August 1976, pp. 7-9.

Putnam, John F. "The Plucked Dulcimer." Mountain Life and Work, volume 314, number 14, 1958, pp. 7-13.

Ritchie, Jean. "Robert Mize, Dulcimer Maker." Foxfire, volume 8, number 3, Fall 19Th, pp. 230 --240.

Roginski, Jerianne. "Dulcimers-Who Sells Them." Billboard, Aug.26, 1967.

Russcol, Herb. "Lonesome Ballits and Courtin' Songs." Venture magazine, July-Aug., 1969.

Seay, Sarah. "Modernizing a Mountain Art." Bittersweet, volume 1, number 2, Winter 1973, pp. 36-4l.

Seeger, Charles. "The Appalachian Dulcimer." Journal of American Folklore, volume 72. number 279, Jan.-March 1958, pp. 40-51. Reprinted. in Seeger, Charles, Studies in Musicology 1937-1975, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977, pp. 252-272.

Seeger, Peter. "Johnny Appleseed, Jr." Sing Out! magazine, vol. 9, no. 1, N.Y., Summer, 1959.

Smith, L. A. "Toward a Reconstruction of the Development of the Appalachian Dulcimer: What the Instrument Suggests." Journal of American Folklore. Xciii 1980, p.385

Smith, Ralph Lee. "Mountain Dulcimer Tales and Traditions." Dulcimer Player News 24, no. 1 (Feb.- Apr. 1998): 22-24.

Smith, Ralph Lee. "Mountain Dulcimer Tales and Traditions." Dulcimer Player News 24, no. 2 (May- July 1998): 46-47.

Smith, Ralph Lee. "Mountain Dulcimer Tales and Traditions." Dulcimer Player News 24, no. 3 (Aug.- Oct. 1998): 48-49.

Smith, Ralph Lee. "Some Pointers for Beginning Dulcimer Players." Sing Out! The Folksong Magazine 20, no. 2 (Nov.-Dec. 1970): 11-13.

Snortheim, Olaf. "Der Langeleik in Norwegan." Pro Musica: Blatter fur Musik von Volk zu Volk, number 1, January-February 1953, pp. 6-8.

Steffens, Arlene. "The Southern Highland Dulcimer and Its Craftsman." Music Clubs Magazine, volume 49, number 3, 1970, pp. l4-l5.

Stephens, Rockwell. "The Mountain Dulcimer." Vermont Life, volume 24, number 1, Autumn 1969, pp. 16-18.

Stradner, Fritz. "Eine Alte Scheitholz-Zither." Osterreichische Musikzeitschrift, volume 21, number 9, September 1966, pp. 454--459.

Stradner, Fritz. "Vom Scheitholz zur Kratz-Zither: Em Beitrag zur Entwicklungs- geschichte der Zither." Jahrbuch des Osterreichischen Volksliedwerkes, volume 18, 1969, pp. 66-80.

Street, Julia Montgomery. "Mountain Dulcimer." Worth Carolina Folklore, volume 114, number 2, November 1966, pp. 26-30.

Strickland, Sandy. "Mastered Mountain Skill of Whittling." (Elizabeth Peck) Jacksonville Journal, Jan. 17, 1972.

Sturgill, Virgil. "The History of the Appalachian Dulcimer." Washington Folk Strums, no.1, April 1, 19614, p. 2; no. 2, May 1, 1964, p. 4.

Talley, Rhea. "Ambassador From Kentucky." Courier-Journal Magazine, Louisville, Ky.

Tannen, Holly. "Playing Dulcimer with Other Instruments." Sing Out! The Folksong Magazine 24, no. 1 (Mar.-Apr. 1975): 17-19.

Tannen, Holly. "Women and the Dulcimer." Sing Out! The Folksong Magazine 25, no. 2 (July-Aug. 1976): 19-21.

Taylor, Vernon H. "From Fact to Fancy in Dulcimer Discoveries." Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin, volume 23, number 4, December 1957, pp. 109-113.

Thomas, David. "A Little Bit About the Appalachian Dulcimer." Milwaukee Folk, vol. 1, no. 3, 1972.

Tucker, George H. "A Love Ballad Weeds a Dulcimore..." Norfolk Virginia-Pilot, June 22, 1969, p. C6.

West Virginia Hillbilly. June 15, 1974. "What We Have Learned About the Dulcimer." pp.6-7.

Wheeler, Pete. "Dulcimer Making." Reel Times, number 6, January 1977, pp. 3-5.

Wigginton, Eliot. "Bobert Mize, Dulcimer Maker." Foxfire 3 Garden City, NY: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1975. pp. 185-207.

Wilcox, Lee. "You Can Make Sweet Music on the Appalachian Dulcimer." House Beautiful, volume 104, number 10, October 1962, pp. 204, 226-228.

Wilhelm, Eugene J., Jr., and R. G. Carlson. "Behind the Blue Ridge Song." Mountain Life and Work, vol. XLV, no. 4, April, 1969.

Wilkie, Richard W. "Your Pick of Appalachian Dulcimers." Popular Science, volume 203, number 6, December 1973, pp. 102-106.

Alvey, R. Gerald. Dulcimer Maker; The Craft of Homer Ledford. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, 1984.

Artis, Bob. Bluegrass. New York: Hawthorn Books, 1975.

Bachmann, Werner. The Origins of Bowing and the Development of Bowed Instruments up to the Thirteenth Century. London: Oxford University Press, 1969.

Baggelaar, Kristin and Donald Milton. Folk Music: More than a Song. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1976.

Bailey, John. Making an Appalachian Dulcimer. London: Cecil Sharp House, 1966.

Baines, Anthony. Musical Instruments Through the Ages. New York: Walker and Company, 1961.

Ballentine, Marais and Miranda Ballentine. World Folk Songs. N.Y., 1964.

Blandet, Claude. Construire et jouer de l'epinette, dite du Val d'Ajol. Marseille: Centre national de documentation pedagogique, 1984.

Boone, Hubert. De Hommel in de Lage Landen. Brussels: Fritz Knuf Publishers, 1975.

Botermans, Jack, Herman Dewit and Hans Goddefroy. Making and Playing Musical Instruments. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1989.

Campbell, John C. The Southern Highlander and His Homeland. Russell Sage Foundation, N.Y. 1921, pp. 143-4.

Campbell, Rosamund and Lois Hirsch. The Mountain Dulcimer Index Book #2. Skokie, Il.: n.p., 1998.

Chase, Gilbert. America's Music from the Pilgrims to the Present. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1955.

Eaton, Allen W. Handicrafts of the Southern Highlands. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1937. Reprint edition, New York: Dover Publications, 1973.

Edgerly, Beatrice. From the Hunter's Bow; The History and Romance of Musical Instruments. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1942.

Forcucci, Samuel L. A Folk Song History of America--America Through Its Songs. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc., 1984.

Galpin, Francis W. A Textbook of European Musical Instruments; Their Origin, History, and Character. New York: John de Graff Inc., 1937.

Geiringer, Karl. Instruments in the History of Western Music. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Hamm, Charles. Music in the New World. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1983.

Herndon, Doris Arlene. The Appalachian Dulcimer: Its Origins and History. Unpublished MA Thesis, Grand Forks: University of North Dakota, 1967.

Hickerson, Joseph C. A Bibliography of Hammered and Plucked (Appalachian or Mountain) Dulcimers and Related Instruments. Library of Congress, Music Division, Archive of Folk Song, Washington, D.C. 20540, Jan, 1973. Rev, from an earlier edition published in the Journal of the Folklore Society of Greater Washington, Vol. 3, nos. 1-2, Summer, 1972.

Horwitz, Elinor Lander. Mountain People, Mountain Crafts. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1974. "Dulcimers, Banjos and Fiddles," pp. 20-33.

Hunter, Ilene and Marilyn Judson. Simple Folk Instruments to Make and Play. New York, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1977.

Irwin, John Rice. Musical Instruments of the Southern Appalachian Mountains. Norris, Tennessee: Museum of Appalachia Press, 1979.

Jeffreys, A. W. Jr.. Tuning and Playing the Appalachian Dulcimer. revised ed. Staunton, Virginia: A. W. Jeffreys, Jr., 1964.

Jong, J. L. de. De Noardske Balke. Assen: Van Gorcum and Co., 1942.

Kimball, Dean. Constructing the Mountain Dulcimer. New York: David Mckay Company, Inc., 1975.

Kingman, Daniel. American Music: A Panorama. New York: Schirmer Books, 1979.

Kinscella, Hazel Gertrude. Music and Romance. New Jersey: RCA Manufacturing Co., Inc., 1941.

Kirk, Elise K. Music at the White House: a History of the American Spirit. Chicago: A Barra Foundation Book, 1986.

Lawless, Ray M. Folksingers and Folksongs in America. Revised edition, New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1965. Chapter 9: "Folk-Music Instruments."

Long, Lucy. The Negotiation of Tradition: Collectors, Community, and the Appalachian Dulcimer in Beech Mountain, North Carolina. Philadelphia, Pa.: Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 1995.

Malone, Bill. Country Music, U.S.A. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1991.

Marcuse, Sibyl. A Survey of Musical Instruments. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc., 1975.

Marais, Joseph and Miranda. World Folk Songs. New York: Ballantine Books, 1964. "The Mountain Dulcimer," pp. 127-207.

Mason, Phillip. The Dulcimer Players Bible. Bangor, Maine: Phillip Mason, 1975.

Mitchell, Howard W. The Mountain Dulcimer; How to Make it and Play it; (After a Fashion). Connecticut: Folk Legacy Records, Inc., 1966.

Mitsui, Toru. Eikei Amerika Minzoku - Ongaku No Gakki [The Instruments of Anglo-American Traditional Music]. Japan: Traditional-Song Society, 1970.

Muller, Barbara. Dulcimer Sound and Picture Guide. Edgewater, Florida: Hobbs Productions, n.d.

Nettl, Bruno. Folk and Traditional Music of the Western Continents. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1965.

Norlind, Tobias. Systematik der Saiteninstrumente: Geschichte der Zither. Stockholm: Musikhistorisches Museum, 1936. "Trapezzither," cols. 193-210; "Hummel," cols. 253-270.

Panum, Hortense. Langelegen: Som Dansk Folkeinstrument. Two volumes, Copenhagen: Lehmann & State, 1917.

Panum, Hortense. The Stringed Instruments of the Middle Ages; Their Evolution and Development. London: New Temple Press, 1941.

Phillips, Elizabeth V. and John-Paul Christopher Jackson. Performing Medieval and Renaissance Music; An Introductory Guide. New York: Schirmer Books, 1886.

Pratt, Waldo Selden. The History of Music. New York: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1927.

Pyle, Paul W. To Build a Dulcimer: A Simplified, Economical Demonstration in the Construction, Tuning and Playing of the Dulcimer. Tullahoma, TN: Paul Pyle Studios, 1976.

Rasof, H. The Folk, Country, and Bluegrass Musician's Catalogue. New York: n.p., 1982.

Remnant, Mary. Musical Instruments; An Illustrated History. Portland, Oregon: Amadeus Press, 1989.

Remnant, Mary. Musical Instruments of the West. London: B.T. Batsford Limited, 1978.

Renner, L. Revenna. Handbook of Musical Instruments. n.p.: L. Revenna Renner, 1969.

Ritchie, Jean. Singing Family of the Cumberlands. New York: Oxford. University Press, 1955. Reprint edition, New York: Oak Publications, 1963.

Rockwell, Jerry. The Mountain Dulcimer, A short history and buyer's guide. (pamphlet) n.p.: J.C. Rockwell Music, 1994.

Sablosky, Irving L. American Music. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1969.

Sachs, Curt. Handbuch der Musikinstrumentenkunde. Leipzig: Breitkopf und Hartel, 1930.

Scarborough, Dorothy. A Song Catcher in the Southern Mountains: American Folk Songs of British Ancestry. New York.: AMS Press, 1966.

Schecter, Martha. Dulcimer Tuning. Cambridge, MA: M. Schecter, 1970.

Shoemaker, Henry W. The Music and Musical Instruments of the Pennsylvania Mountaineers. Altoona, PA: Time Tribune Co., 1923.

Smith, L. A. A Catalogue of Pre-revival Appalachian Dulcimers. Columbia, Mo.: University of Missouri Press, 1983.

Smith, Ralph Lee. Appalachian Dulcimer Traditions. Lanham, Md.: The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 1997.

Smith, Ralph Lee. The Story of the Dulcimer. Cosby, Tennessee: Crying Creek Publishers, 1986.

Sorosi, Balint. Die Volksmusikinstrumente Ungarns. VEB Deutscher Verlag fur Musik, Serie I, Band I, Leipzig, 1968.

Thomas, Jean and Joseph A. Leeder. The Singin' Gatherin': Tunes from the Southern Appalachians. New York: Silver Burdett Co., 1939. "Mountain Instruments and Their Usage," pp. 54-57.

Walin, Stig. Die Schwedische Hummel: Eine Instrumentenkindliche Untersuchung. Stockholm: Nordiska Museet, 1952.

Warner, Frank. Folk Songs and Ballads of the Eastern Seaboard: From a Collector's Notebook. A lecture at Wesleyan College, Macon, Ga.: Southern Press, Inc., 1963.

Laurel Krokstrom is a musician and scholar living in Lodi, California. If you have questions or comments about this bibliography contact Ms. Krokstrom by email. For more about her, see the Contributors section of Sweet Music Index.